Betts, Matthew

Associate Professor

Office Location: 
201E Richardson Hall
Email Address: 

Forest Wildlife Landscape Ecology

Educational Background: 
  • B.A., 1992, Queen’s University
  • B.Sc., 1999, University of New Brunswick
  • M.S., 1995, University of Waterloo
  • Ph.D., 2005, University of New Brunswick
  • Post-Doctoral Fellow, 2006, Dartmouth College
  • Landscape Ecology
  • Ecosystem Informatics
Research Interests: 
(1) Influences of landscape structure on demography of animal populations, (2) Animal movement (particularly dispersal), (3) Population viability modeling, (4) Ecological thresholds, (5) Trophic cascades in forest ecosystems, (6) Species distribution modeling, (7) Socio-political mechanisms to affect sustainable forestry (8) Measuring landscape change.
Research Support: 
  1. Betts, M.G. and Robinson, W.D. 2011-2013. Independent effects of tropical forest fragmentation and habitat loss on hummingbird movement and pollination dynamics. National Science Foundation (NSF – DEB [Population and Community Ecology]). Amount $500,628.
  2. Marra, P.P., Ryder, T.B., Betts, M.G., Sillett, T.S., Nott, M.P., Saracco, J.F., Fischer, R.A. 2011-2015. Using a hierarchical approach to model regional source-sink dynamics for neotropical-nearctic songbirds to inform management practices on Department of Defense installations. Department of Defense, Environmental Protection Agency: Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SDERP). Amount: $2,305,187.
  3. Betts, M.G., Wilson, D., Rivers, J., Fitzgerald, S., Maguire, D., Rose, R., Johnson, J. “Quantifying trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and timber production in intensively managed forests”. 2009-2011. Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI; United States Department of Agriculture): $497,677.
  4. Wong, W.K., Betts, M.G., Jones, J. “Novel machine learning models for predicting species distributions in response to climate change”. 2009-2011. National Science Foundation (NSF):$609,505.
  5. Betts, M.G. and G.J. Forbes “Population viability analysis of northern flying squirrel”. 2005-2008. Parks Canada Ecological Integrity Fund. $150,000, N.B. Wildlife Trust Fund: $11,500, Fundy Model Forest: $5,000.
  6. Betts, M.G., J. Loo, and R. Wissink. “A molecular genetic approach to determining dispersal in migrant songbirds”. 2005-2008. Parks Canada Ecological Integrity Fund: $100,000.
  7. Betts, M.G. and J. Hagar. “Thresholds in hardwood-associated songbirds in relation to stand structure, patch size and landscape cover”. 2006-2007. Fish and Wildlife Habitat in Managed Forests Research Fund: $17,234.
  8. Roloff, G., M.G. Betts, and L. Irwin. “Influence of intensive forest management on biodiversity in Pacific Northwest commercial forests”. 2007-2009. Fish and Wildlife Habitat in Managed Forests Research Fund: $112,000.
Selected Publications: 
  1. Jenkins, S.R., Betts, M.G., Huso, M.M., and Hagar, J.C. 2013. Habitat selection by juvenile Swainson’s thrushes (Catharus ustulatus) in headwater riparian areas, Northwestern Oregon, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 305: 88-95.
  2. Cahall, R.E., Hayes, J.P., and Betts, M.G. 2013. Will they come? Long-term response by forest birds to experimental thinning supports the ‘‘Field of Dreams’’ hypothesis. Forest Ecology and Management 304:137-149. PDF
  3. Kroll, A.J., Duke, S.D., Hane, M.E., Johnson, J.R., Rochelle, M., Betts, M.G., and Arnett, E.B. 2012. Landscape composition influences avian colonization of experimentally created snags. Biological Conservation 152: 145-151.
  4. Ellis, T.M., Kroll, A.J. and Betts, M.G., 2012. Early seral hardwood vegetation increases adult and fledgling bird abundance in Douglas-fir plantations of the Oregon Coast Range. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 4: 918–933.
  5. Smith, M.J., Betts, M.G., Forbes, G.J., Bourgeois, M.C., Flemming S.P. and Kehler, D.G. 2011. Independent effects of connectivity predict homing success by northern flying squirrel in a forest mosaic. Landscape Ecology 26:709–721.
  6. Jones, J., Kroll, A.J., Giovanini, J., Duke, S.D., and Betts, M.G. 2011. Estimating occupancy thresholds with imperfect species detection. Ecology 92: 2299-2309.
  7. Zitske, B.P., Betts, M.G. and Diamond, A.W. 2011. Habitat loss reduces apparent survival of songbirds in a forest mosaic. Conservation Biology 25: 993-1001.
  8. Ellis, T. and Betts, M.G. 2011. Bird abundance and diversity across a hardwood gradient within early seral plantation forest. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 1372-1381.
  9. Bennett, V.J., Betts, M.G., Smith, W.P. 2011. Mate guarding behaviour in the male Taylor’s Checkerspot butterfly. Journal of Insect Behaviour 23: 165-250.
  10. Rivers, J.W., Martin, L.B., Liebl, A.L. and Betts, M.G. 2011. Parental alarm calls of the white-crowned sparrow fail to stimulate corticosterone production of their nest-bound offspring. Ethology 117: 374-384. PDF
  11. Betts, M.G., Hagar, J., Rivers, J. Alexander, J. McGarigal, K. and McComb, B.C. 2010. Thresholds in songbird occurrence in relation to early seral broadleaf forest. Ecological Applications 20: 2116–2130.
  12. Goetz , S.J., Steinberg, D., Betts, M.G., Holmes, R.T., Doran, P.J. Dubayah, R. and Hofton, M. 2010. Lidar remote sensing variables predict breeding habitat of a Neotropical migrant bird. Ecology 96: 1569–1576.
  13. Rota, C., Fletcher, R., Dorazio, R. and Betts, M.G. 2009. Occupancy estimation and the closure assumption. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 1173 – 1181.
  14. Hadley, A.S. and Betts, M.G. 2009. Tropical deforestation alters hummingbird movement patterns. Biology Letters. 5:207-210.
  15. Betts, M.G., Ganio, L., Huso, M., Som, N., Bowman, J., Huettman, F. and Wintle, B. 2009. Comment on ‘‘Methods to account for spatial autocorrelation in the analysis of species distributional data: a review’’. Ecography, 32: 374-378.