Chief Scientist, Earthwatch Institute
Courtesy Professor Research
- 2012 - PhD in Forestry and Wildlife, Oregon State University, College of Forestry, Department of Forest Resources
- 2006 - MA in Conservation Biology and Environmental Writing, Prescott College, Prescott, Arizona
- 1989 - BFA in painting, California State University, Long Beach
Cristina's Earthwatch Contact Info:
114 Western Ave, Boston, MA 02134
T: +1-978-450-1210 X 210 | earthwatch.org
- Ecological Society of America Editorial Board Member
- Oregon State University Press Advisory Editorial Board
- Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute Research Associate
- Boone and Crockett Club Professional Member
- Black Earth Institute Scholar/Advisor
- FOR-FW/445-545 Ecological Restoration
- FOR460 Forest Policy
- FOR 561 Forest Policy Analysis
- FOR 599 Aldo Leopold and Ecosystem Management
- Elk, Fire, and Wolf Ecology in Aspen and Grassland Communities in Waterton Lakes National Park: A Multi-Trophic Level Landscape-Scale Study.
- Trophic Cascades Involving Humans, Keystone Predators, Elk, and Aspen in North-Central Colorado
- Trophic Cascades Involving Humans, Wolves, Elk and Aspen in the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem
- Southwest Alberta Montane Research Program
- Earthwatch Institute, 2015 – 2017, $150,000
- Parks Canada Ecological Restoration Grant, 2010 – 2012, $150,000
- Parks Canada Ecological Monitoring Grant, 2010 – 2011, $20,000
- Wildlands Network Conservation Communication Grant, 2011, $10,000
- High Lonesome Ranch Trophic Cascades Research Grant, 2009 – 2012, $1,110,000
- Sandhill Crane Literary Fellowship, 2010 – 2012, $5,000
- Eisenberg, C. 2012. Complexity of Food Web Interactions in a Large Mammal System (Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University), 238 pp.
- Eisenberg, C. 2006. Dire Wolves: Gray Wolf Recovery and Wolf-Human Interactions in the Northern Rocky Mountains (Prescott, AZ: Prescott College), master’s thesis, 436 pp.
Refereed Scientific Journal Articles:
- Eisenberg, C., D. E. Hibbs, and W. J. Ripple. 2015. Effects of predation risk on elk landscape use in a wolf-dominated system. Canadian Journal of Zoology 93:99-111.
- Beschta, R. L., C. Eisenberg, J. Laundre, W. J. Ripple, and T. J. Rooney. 2014. Predation risk, elk, and aspen: tests of a behaviorally mediated trophic cascade in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: Comment. Ecology 95(5):2669-2679.
- Eisenberg, C., D. E. Hibbs, W. J. Ripple, and H. Salwasser. 2014. Context dependence of elk vigilance and wolf predation risk. Canadian Journal of Zoology 92:727-736.
- Eisenberg, C., S. T. Seager, and D. E. Hibbs. 2013. Wolf, elk, and aspen food web relationships: Context and complexity. Forest Ecology and Management 299:70-80.
- Seager, S. T., C. Eisenberg, and S. B. St. Clair. 2013. Patterns and consequences of ungulate herbivory on aspen in western North America. Forest Ecology and Management 299:81-90.
- Rogers, P., C. Eisenberg, and S. B. St. Clair. 2013. Resilience in quaking aspen: Recent advances and future needs. Forest Ecology and Management 299:1-5.
Refereed Literary Journal Articles:
- Eisenberg, C. 2015. Walking the Wolf Trail. Whitefish Review #17.
- Eisenberg, C. 2015. The Rewilding: The Trophic Tango. About Place. #10
- Eisenberg, C. 2015. The Bear Mother. Leaf Litter. #5.
- Eisenberg, C. 2014. Earth Household. Whitefish Review. #16.
- Eisenberg, C. 2014. Environmental writing and the ecology of hope. Flyway Journal of Writing and Environment.
- Eisenberg C. 2011. The High ridge. Platte Valley Review.
- Eisenberg, C. 2011. The Stoney Flats grizzly. Platte Valley Review.
- Eisenberg, C. 2010. The ecology of fear. Whitefish Review. #9
- Eisenberg, C. 2010. Minnow Stahkoo. NILAS (Nature in Legend and Stories) Annual Review.
- Eisenberg, C. 2010. Hejira. Platte Valley Review.
- Eisenberg, C. 2008. The literary Leopold. Flyway: Journal of Writing and Environment. 11.2-12.1.
In Preparation and Review – Refereed Scientific Journals:
- Eisenberg, C., D. E. Hibbs, P. Doescher, and W. J. Ripple. [in preparation] Aspen response to top-down (wolf) and bottom-up (fire) effects. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.
- Eisenberg, C., C. Edson, and D. Honnold [in preparation] Transboundary Conservation of Large Carnivores in Western North America: Science and Public Policy. Conservation Biology.
- Chandler, M., S. Rullman, J. Cousins, N. Esmail, E. Begin, G. Venicx, C. Eisenberg, and M. Studer. [in review]. 2016. Ecological and social outcomes from 7 years of citizen science evaluation: An Earthwatch case study. Biological Conservation.
- Kirkland, Maire, C. Eisenberg, J. Axmacher, and R. Bodmer [in preparation]. Sustainable wildlife extraction by the Kukama-Kukamilla people of the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Peru. Biological Conservation.
- Boukili, V. K. S., D. P. Bebber, T. Mortimer, G. Venicx, D. Lefcourt, M. Chandler, and C. Eisenberg [in preparation]. Testing the assumptions of an urban forest ecosystem services model with direct measurements of tree growth.
Books and Book Chapters:
- Eisenberg, C. 2016. “Conserving Biological Diversity,” in J. F. Franklin, K. N. Johnson, and D. Johnson, eds., Ecological Forest Management. Chicago: Waveland Press.
- Eisenberg, C., The Carnivore Way, Coexisting with and Conserving America’s Predators. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2014. more info
- Eisenberg, C., "Quantifying Wildness." in P. Hasbach, and P. Hahn, Eds., Rediscovery of the Wild. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2013.
- Eisenberg, C., "Lessons from 763," in T. Fleischner, ed., The Way of Natural History. San Antonio: Trinity University Press, 2011.
- Eisenberg, C., The Wolf’s Tooth: Keystone Predators, Trophic Cascades, and Biodiversity. April 2010. Washington, DC: Island Press, 248 p. more info
- Eisenberg, C., “Keystone Species,” in The Encyclopedia of American Environmental History. Houston: University of Houston, 2009.
In Preparation and Review – Books and Book Chapters:
- Eisenberg, C. [in preparation] Taking the Heat: Wildlife, Food Webs, and Extinction in a Warming World (Washington, DC: Island Press).
- Eisenberg, C. [in preparation] Conserving biological diversity. In K. N. Johnson, J. F. Franklin, and D. Johnson, eds. Forest Management: an Ecological Forestry Approach (Chicago: Waveland Press).
- Eisenberg, C. July 2014. Corridor Ecology: Carnivore Migration Patterns. Utne Reader.
- Eisenberg, C. 2012. “Acts of Faith,” Connections.
- Eisenberg, C., “Hunting and the Land Ethic,” Fair Chase, Summer 2011.
- Eisenberg, C., Living in a Landscape of Fear: How Predators Impact an Ecosystem, Scientific American August 13, 2010.
- Eisenberg, C., “Creating Landscapes of Hope,” Wild Earth Winter 2009.
- Eisenberg, C., “The Varmint Question,” Fair Chase Fall 2008.
News Media Coverage:
- Gould, J. 2015. Non-profit organizations: Scientists on a mission. Nature 527: 265-266.
- Big Sky Journal, “Local Knowledge: Stories in the Landscape – A Walk on the Wild Side with Scientists and Author Cristina Eisenberg,” by Brian Schott, September 2014.
- Corvallis Gazette-Times, “Making Room for Predators,” by Bennet Hall, May 21, 2014.
- Sacramento Bee, “Top-predator-down environment damage rule, not exception”, August 2, 2011.
- NPR, KSFR Radio Café, Interview, The Wolf’s Tooth: Keystone Predators, Trophic Cascades, and Biodiversity, August 1, 2011
- Eugene Weekly, “Not So Big, Not So Bad: Wolves return to Oregon, cause a ruckus in Congress,” April 14, 2011
- NPR, KUER, Interview, “The Wolf’s Tooth,” February 9, 2011
- NPR “Biologist Studies Wolves’ Possible Return to Colorado,” June 17, 2010
- CBS News, "Scientists Study Possible Signs of Wolves in State", May 24, 2010
- Corvallis Gazette Times, "OSU biologist: Return of top predators key to ecology", April 23, 2010
- National Geographic, "Wolf Wars", March 2010
- LA Times, "Rumors of wolves have some howling", March 8, 2010
- Denver Post, "Wolf pack report raises doubts, fears", March 3, 2010
- High Country News, "Prodigal dogs", February 2010
- October 19, 2015, The Wildlife Society Annual Meeting, Winnipeg, MB, Contributed Paper: Effects of Prescribed Fire on Aspen and Grassland Restoration in a Wolf, Elk, and Aspen System in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
- October 17, 2015, Massachusetts Department of Fish and Game, annual conference, Westborough, MA, Keynote Speech: Tracking Predators and Their Prey: Noninvasive Wildlife Tracking Methods.
- August 27, 2015, Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Meeting, Manchester, UK, Invited Panelist: Beyond Science Speak: Using the Power of Story to Bridge the Science/Public Communication Chasm.
- August 26, 2015, Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Meeting, Manchester, UK, Contributed Paper: Effects of Prescribed Fire on Aspen and Grassland Restoration in a Wolf, Elk, Aspen System in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
- June 25, 2015, US Congress, House Natural Resources Committee, Washington, DC, Invited Congressional Briefing: The Endangered Species Act, Keystone Species, and Ecological Resiliency.
- June 4, 2015, Society of Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting, Providence, RI, Invited Paper: Using Apex Predators and Trophic Cascades Mechanisms to Create Resilient Wetlands in a Warming World.
- May 15, 2015, Smithsonian Conservation Immersion Seminar, Front Royal, VA, Keynote Speech: Human-Wildlife Coexistence and Ecological Resilience in a Warming World.
- May 15, 2015, Smithsonian Conservation Immersion Seminar, Front Royal, VA, Invited Panelist: Living with Wolves in North America: Challenges and Promises.
- November 19, 2014, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA Pritzker Lecture, The Carnivore Way: Conserving America’s Predators
- November 8, 2014, Earthwatch Citizen Science Summit, Harvard Science Center, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, Lecture, Using Citizen Science to Restore Wolves and Fire in the Canadian Rocky Mountains.
- October 16, 2014, Earthwatch, UK, Royal Geographic Society, Oxford University, London, UK, Lecture and debate, Rewilding the UK.
- October 15, 2014, Earthwatch, UK, Lecture, Oxford, UK, Tracking Fire and Wolves through Canada.
- October 7, 2014, Town Hall, Seattle, Lecture, The Carnivore Way.
- September 11, 2014, Western Environmental Law Center, Holter Museum of Art, Helena, MT, The Carnivore Way.
- August 30, 2014, Adirondack Wildlife Refuge, Nature Conservancy, Wilmington, NY, Keynote Speech, Wolves as Keystone Predators.
- July 16, 2014, North American Conference Conservation Biology, Missoula, MT, Paper, Coexisting with Large Carnivores in Western North America in a Warming World: Science and Policy
- June 9, 2014, Terra Magazine, Science Pub, Corvallis, OR, Lecturer, Reflections on the 50th anniversary of the Wilderness Act
- March 1, 2014, Public Interest Environmental Law Conference, Eugene, OR, Invited Panelist, Large Carnivore Restoration in the West: A Transboundary Approach to Creating Connectivity
- February 21, 2014, University of Oregon, Natural History Museum Lecture Series, Eugene, OR, Lecturer, The Return of the Wolf to Oregon: Ecology, Conservation, and Coexistence.
- October 19 and 20, 2013, Reading, UK, UK Wolf Conservation Trust Annual Symposium, Featured Speaker: The Wolf’s Tooth: Ecological Effects of Wolves and Global Wolf Conservation
- October 9, 2013, Milwaukee, WI, The Wildlife Society Annual Conference, Contributed Paper: Context Dependence of Elk Vigilance Behavior and Wolf Predation Risk
- October 8, 2013, Madison, WI, Society for Ecological Restoration, Biennial Conference, Invited Paper and Panel Moderator: Restoring Ecosystems with Fire and Apex Predation
- October 3, 2013, Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution, Featured Speaker: Saving the Wolf: Conserving Wolves, Grizzlies, and Other Predators in North
- October 2, 2013, Washington, DC, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Featured Speaker: From Wolves to Songbirds: Keystone Predators and Trophic Cascades
- September 24, 2013, Flagstaff, AZ,Museum of Northern Arizona, Keynote Speaker: Thinking Like a Mountain: Wolves, Deer, Elk, and Aspen in the West
- September 27, 2013, Waterton, AB, Waterton Wildlife Festival, Keynote Speaker: The Carnivore Way: Conserving Wolves, Grizzlies, and Other Predators in North America
- July 30, 2013, Apgar, MT, Glacier National Park Annual Science Day, Invited Speaker: The Complex Food Web of Fire, Aspen, Elk and Wolves in Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park
- July 22, 2013, Denali, AK, Murie Science and Learning Center, Invited Lecturer: Carnivore Management from Alaska to Mexico
- March 12, 2013, Bend, OR, High Desert Museum, Natural History Pub, Featured lecturer: The mark of the Wolf’s Tooth: Ecological Effects of Wolves in Oregon.
- February 24, 2013, Kalispell, MT, Museum at Central School, White Lecture Series, Featured lecturer: Thinking Like a Mountain, the Mark of the Wolf’s Tooth in Ecosystems.
- February 7, 2013, Lock Haven University, Biology Department, Featured lecturer: The Wolf’s Tooth: Keystone Predators, Trophic Cascades, and Biodiversity.
- January 9, 2013, Rowe, Massachusetts, Women & Tracking Conference, Keynote Speaker: Tracking Science.
- October 25, 2012, Salem, OR, Straub Environmental Lecture Series, Featured lecturer: The Wolf’s Tooth: Keystone Predators, Trophic Cascades, and Biodiversity.
- October 20, 2012, Julian, CA, California Wolf Center, Keynote Speaker: The Rewilding: The Wolf’s Return to the West.
- October 17, 2012, Portland, OR, TWS Annual Meeting, Scientific Paper: Effects of Predation Risk Assessment on Elk Resource Selection as a Function of Wolf Abundance.
- August 8, 2012, Portland, OR, ESA Annual Meeting, Scientific Paper: How Predators Influence Communities: Fire, Wolves, Elk, and Aspen Trophic Cascades: Case Studies from the Rocky Mountains.
- July 12, 2012, Denali National Park, AK, Murie Center, Featured lecturer: Lessons from Our Elders: Murie and Leopold on Carnivore Conservation in the National Parks.
- June 28, 2012, DeBeque, CO, Restoring Resilience in Aspen Symposium, Scientific Paper: Wolf, elk, and aspen food web relationships: Context and complexity.
- April 19, 2012, Shephardstown, VA, National Conservation Training Center, Featured Lecturer: The Wolf’s Tooth: Keystone Predators, Trophic Cascades, and Biodiversity.
- April 16, 2012, Washington, DC, World Wildlife Federation, Featured speaker: Using Apex Predators and Fire to Create More Resilient Ecosystems.
- March 22, 2012, Page, AZ, BLM Colorado Plateau Native Plants Meeting, High Lonesome Ranch: Science and Stewardship.
- March 2, 2012, Eugene, OR, Public Interest Environmental Law Conference, Wolves and the ESA: A Keystone Perspective.
- September 23, 2011, Glacier National Park, Montana House, Featured speaker: Wolves, Fire, Elk, and Aspen in Glacier National Park.
- September 17, 2011, DeBeque, Colorado, The High Lonesome Ranch, Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partners, Speaker: Using Trophic Cascades to Create Healthy, Resilient Landscapes
- August 24, 2011, Merida, Yucatan, Society for Ecological Restoration International Conference, Panelist: Writing Science: What Scientists See But Can’t Say
- August 23, 2011, Merida, Yucatan, Society for Ecological Restoration International Conference Panelist: The High Lonesome Ranch: Restoring Carnivores, Corridors, and Connectivity on Private Lands
- July 25, 2011, Wildlands Network/High Lonesome Ranch Private Landowners Meeting, Speaker: The High Lonesome Ranch: Landscape-Scale Conservation Place-Based Applied Science
- July 8, 2011, Gunnison Colorado, Rocky Mountain Biological Station, Guest Lecturer: Context Dependence of Trophic Cascades Involving Wolves, Elk, and Aspen
- May 13, 2011, Corvallis Oregon, Oregon State University, COF, TEK Conference, Speaker: Minnow Stahkoo: What Scientists See but Can’t Say
- March 11, 2011, Glacier National Park, Montana, National Park Conservation Association Keynote speaker: The Wolf’s Tooth: Trophic Cascades and Biodiversity
- January 6, 2011, Rowe, Massachusetts, Women & Tracking Conference, Keynote Speaker: Tracking Science
- November 17, 2010, DeBeque, Colorado, Society for Ecological Restoration, corridor ecology symposium, Keynote Speaker: Landscape-scale Carnivore Conservation in Colorado
- November 11, 2010, Whitefish, Montana, The Whitefish Review speaker series, Keynote speaker: The Wolf’s Tooth
- October 25, 2010, Seattle, Town Hall Seattle, speaker series, Keynote speaker: Wolves as Ecosystem Regulators
- October 9, 2010, Rhinelander, Wisconsin, International Association of Professional Trackers, annual meeting Keynote speaker: Tracking Science
- July 5, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta, Society for Conservation Biology, annual meeting, Invited panelist: Trophic Cascades Involving Humans, Wolves, Elk, and Aspen: Defining an Ecologically Effective Wolf Population
- June 14, 2010, Ashland, Oregon, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Pacific Division, annual meeting, Plenary lecture: Frontiers in Ecological Theory: The Role of Wolves as Keystone Predators
- December 6, 2009, Houston, Texas, Boone and Crockett Club, Annual Meeting, Invited Panelist: The North American Model, The Land Ethic and the North American Model
- November 18, 2009, Denver, Colorado, Defenders of Wildlife Carnivores 2009 Conference, Invited Panelist: Trophic Cascades Involving Humans, Wolves, Elk, and Aspen: Defining an Ecologically Effective Wolf Population
- July 20, 2009, Polebridge, Montana, North Fork Preservation Association Annual Meeting, Presentation: Wolf Conservation and the Ecology of Fear
- June 21, 2009, University of Montana, Geography Department Field School, Presentation: Trophic Cascades Involving Humans, Wolves, Elk, and Aspen in the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem
- June 5, 2009, Victoria, British Columbia, Association for Literature and the Environment Bi-Annual Conference, Presentation: Creating Landscapes of Hope: Relationships between Humans, Wildlife, and the Landscape
- May 6, 2009, Prescott, Arizona, Prescott College Colloquium, Research Field Methods in Ecology
- April 1, 2009, Corvallis, Oregon, Oregon State University, College of Forestry Seminar, Presentation: Public Policy and Large Carnivores
- March 4, 2009, Portland, Oregon, George Wright Society Bi-Annual Meeting, Presentation: The Varmint Question: Was Aldo Leopold Right About Wolves?
- December 6, 2008, Houston, Texas, Boone and Crockett Club, Annual Meeting, Invited Panelist: Wolves, Ecology, and Management
- February 19, 2008, Des Moines, Iowa, Organization: Iowa State University, Wildness Symposium, panelist, Minnow Stahkoo: Trophic Cascades Research and Cultural Issues
- October 21, 2007, The Aldo Leopold Legacy Center, Baraboo, WI, The Aldo Leopold Foundation, Shack Seminar Series, invited lecturer, Was Aldo Leopold Right About Wolves?